ISSN

2321-5763 (Online)
0976-495X (Print)


Author(s): Shweta Khemani, Sumita Srivastava

Email(s): Email ID Not Available

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5763.2024.00026   

Address: Shweta Khemani1, Sumita Srivastava2
1Assistant Professor, Dept. of Management, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, India.
2Professor, Dept. of Management, Faculty of Social Sciences, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
This study empirically explores and validates the relationship of individual religiosity and value orientation on employee work performance. This behavioural construct has been discussed marginally in literature and empirical validation is completely missing. The study is conducted on employees of higher education institutions n=240. Two standard inventories- Personal Value Questionnaire PVQ by Sherry and Verma 1998 and Religiosity Scale Sethi and Seligman 1993 have been used for the purpose. Performance indicators have been measured using Performance Based Appraisal System by University Grant Commission, India. The findings of the study report that there are four prominent values social, democratic, economic and power values which have a direct impact on employees’ performance. Religiosity as a contributor towards these values have a direct relationship with social and democratic values, with p value being less than 0.05 and ß value of 0.31 and 0.17. While economic and power values are observed to have an inverse relationship with religiosity, with p value being less than 0.05 and ß value of -0.37 and -0.33. The study also reports that social and democratic values have positive influence on employee performance. The ß value of regression analysis is observed to be ranging from 0.16 to 0.37 determining the strengths of these relationships. Whereas, we identify that economic and power values negatively influence performance of employees. This study underscores the role of religiosity as a contributor towards value orientation of employees for their performance outcomes. It has strong managerial implications for hiring, career planning, and succession planning, compensation and reward management systems in organizations. It also highlights the role of leadership for creating value based organization culture.


Cite this article:
Shweta Khemani, Sumita Srivastava, Value Orientation of Employees and its Impact on Performance: Is Religiosity a Major Contributor?. Asian Journal of Management. 2024;15(2):159-1. doi: 10.52711/2321-5763.2024.00026

Cite(Electronic):
Shweta Khemani, Sumita Srivastava, Value Orientation of Employees and its Impact on Performance: Is Religiosity a Major Contributor?. Asian Journal of Management. 2024;15(2):159-1. doi: 10.52711/2321-5763.2024.00026   Available on: https://ajmjournal.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-15-2-12


REFERENCES:
1.    Rokeach, M. The nature of human values. New York: The Free Press.1973
2.    Sakin, P. Factors affecting values and traits. Post on blog A spectacle of ironies. 2011
3.    Moore, P. Children, teachers and computers: A joint venture in learning. Journal of Curriculum Studies. 1987; 19: 187-190
4.    Hill, N. E., and Taylor, L. C. Parental school involvement and children’s academic achievement: Pragmatics and issues. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2004; 13: 161 - 164
5.    Selznick, P. Leadership in administration. New York: Harper and Row. 1956
6.    Ouchi, W. G. Theory Z: How American business can meet the Japanese challenge. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. 1981.
7.    Senger, J. Managers Perceptions of Subordinates Competences a Function of Personal value orientations. Academy of Management Journal.  1971: 415-423
8.    Singer, H.A. Human Values and Leadership. Business Horizons. 1975: 85-88
9.    Soares, Valecha, F. and Venkataraman, S. Values of Indian managers: The Basis of Progress. Indian Management. 1981; 20: 32-38
10.    Warrier, S.K. Value Profile of Indian Managers. Indian Management. 1983; 227: 23-38
11.    Mulvey, M. S., Olson, J. C., Celsi, R. L. and Walker, B. A. Exploring the relationships between means-end knowledge and involvement. Advances in Consumer Research. 1994; 21: 51-7
12.    Meglino, B.M. and Ravlin, E.C. Individual values in organizations: Concepts, Controversies and Research. Journal of Management. 1998; 2423: 351-389
13.    Hallinan, M. T. Teacher influences on students' attachment to school. Sociology of Education. 2008; 813: 271-283
14.    Twenge, J. M., Campbell, S. M., Hoffman, B. J. and Lance, C. E. Generational differences in work values: Leisure and extrinsic values increasing, social and intrinsic values decreasing. Journal of Management.  2010; 365: 1117-1123
15.    England, G.W. and Raymond, L. The Relationship between Managerial Values and Managerial Success in the United States, Japan, India and Australia. Journal of Applied Psychology. 1974: 411-419
16.    Denhardt, R. B. The pursuit of significance. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. 1993.
17.    Masibigiri, V. and Nienaber, H. Factors affecting the retention of Generation X public servants: An exploratory study. SA Journal of Human Resource Management. 2011; 91
18.    Pal, S. K. Personality study of engineering, law, medical and teacher training of students. Allahabad: United Publishers. 1969.
19.    Anderson, A. L. Personal and situational factors effecting the choice between college and secondary teachers. The Journal of Educational Research. 1966; 602: 47-58
20.    Kakkar, S. B. Values scores of teacher trainees and college teachers. Indian Journal of Applied Psychology. 1971; 8: 77-80
21.    Nelson, E. A. Value patterns of physical educators in colleges and Universities of the U.S.A. Dissertations Abstract International. 1971; 31A10
22.    Kulshrestha, S. P. Emerging value pattern of teachers and new trends of education in India. New Delhi: Light and Life Publishers. 1979.
23.    Chaurasia, G., Choudhary, N., Roy, et.al. Ed. Teacher Education for Twenty First Century. Council for Teacher Education NGO. Alok Press, Bhopal. 2006.
24.    Saxena, J., Singh, S. P. and Bhutt, P. A study of value pattern of secondary school teachers. Indian Journal of Educational Research. 2008; 271: 69-75
25.    Bowie, B. L. and Morgan, H. G. Personal values and verbal behaviour of teachers. Journal of Experimental Education. 1962; 304: 337-345
26.    Maiti, R. Teacher effectiveness and values: A study of secondary school teachers. Indian Journal of Educational Research. 2008; 271: 17-22
27.    Saroglou, V. and Dernelle, R. Prosocial behavior and religion: New evidence using projective measures. Paper presented at the 100 years of Psychology and Religion Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2003.
28.    Harris, H. and Crossman, J. Getting up-close and personal. The implications of addressing spirituality in university teaching and learning for faculty and professional developers. Working Paper at Group of Research in Integrity and Governance. 2005: 1-15
29.    Katz, Y.J. Personality, Religiosity and Computer-Oriented Attitudes among Trainee Teachers in Israel. Computers in Human Behaviour. 1995; 111: 1-8
30.    Hoge, R., Petrillo, G.H. and Smith, E.I. Transmission of Religious and Social Values from Parents to Teenage Children. Journal of Marriage and Family. 2002; 443: 569-580
31.    Zafar, J. Measuring Religiosity and Workplace Spirituality in Pakistan: A Case Study of Armed Forces and University Teachers. Cross-cultural communication. 2010; 64: 104-111
32.    Astin, A. W., Astin, H. S. and Lindholm, J. A. Cultivating the spirit: How college can enhance students’ inner lives. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 2011.
33.    Fisher, J.W., Francis, L.J. and Johnson, P. The Personal and Social Correlates of Spiritual Well-Being Among Primary School Teacher. Pastoral Psychology. 2002; 511: 3-11
34.    McLaughlin. Spirituality and ethics in business, Blog posted on the centre for visionary leadership. 2009.
35.    Williams, R. M. Change and stability in values and value systems: A sociological perspective. In M. Rokeach Ed., Understanding human values, New York: The Free Press, 1979: 15-46
36.    Karami, B and Gururaj, B. The Study of Relationship between Value Priorities and Creativity among Students of Yasuj University. Indian Streams Research Journal. 2012.
37.    Bryk, Anthony S., Lee and Valerie, E. Catholic schools and the common Good, Cambridge, USA Harvard University Press. 1993.
38.    Jeynes, W. Religion, Education and Academic success, Greenwich, USA Information Age Pub. 2003.
39.    Pfeffer, J. Business and the spirit. Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance, 2003; 29-45.
40.    Radloff, A. Decentralized approaches to education development: supporting quality teaching and learning from within a faculty, in Education Development and leadership in Higher Education, Kim Fraser ed. 2004.
41.    Ormell, C. Values in Education in values and evaluation in education, Ed R. Straughan and J. Wrigley, Harper and Row, London. 1980: 71-95
42.    Oviada, S. Suggestions of the postmodern self: Value changes in American high school students. Sociological Perspectives. 2003; 46: 239-256
43.    Malhotra, N.K. Marketing Research: An applied Orientation. Sixth Edition, Pearson Publishing. 2011.
44.    Sethi, S. and Seligman, M.E.P. Optimism and fundamentalism. Psychological Science. 1993; 4: 256-259
45.    Sherry, G.P. and Verma, R.P. Personal Values Questionnaire, Agra: National Psychological Corporation. 1998.
46.    Crossman, A. and Harris, P. Job satisfaction of secondary school teachers. Educational Management Administration and Leadership. 2006; 34: 29-46
47.    Kovach, K.A. What motivates employees? Workers and supervisors give different answers. Business Horizons, 1987; 30(5): 58-65
48.    Singh, P. Occupational Values and Styles of Indian managers. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi. 1979: 14-19

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Shruthi. M. P, T. Manjunatha

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2018.00167.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Nitin Kumar Saxena, Upinder Dhar

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2017.00016.6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Priyanka Ostwal

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2017.00028.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rashid Farooqi, Khalid Raza

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2017.00045.2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rashmi Ranjan Parida

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2017.00013.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): K. Raj Kumar

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): P. Ashok Kumar, K. Sundar

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mani Arora, Anil Kumar

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2018.00007.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Manoj Kumar Kowar

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S. J. Daharwal, Radha Naidu

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Debodip Chowdhury

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763.2019.00042.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Asian Journal of Management (AJM) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, devoted to managerial sciences. The aim of AJM is to publish the relevant to applied management theory and practice...... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2321-5763 



Recent Articles




Tags